Edition V13N04 | Year 2014 | Editorial Case Report | Pages 54 to 66
Excessive gingival exposureis one of the problems that negatively affect smileesthetics. It can vary in severity and may be related tomaxillary vertical excess, upper dentoalveolar protrusion,extrusion and/or altered passive eruption of upper anteriorteeth, and hyperactivity of the elevating muscles ofthe upper lip. In the majority of cases some or all theseetiological factors can be present. The orthodontist mostprobably is the recommended professional to diagnoseand plan treatment for these patients, due to havingthe skills to evaluate and interfere in each of the etiologicalfactors of the problem and, in a multidisciplinaryapproach, refer the patient to other dental or medicalspecialties.